Moving less and eating more in isolation? Intermittent fasting (IF) could help you fight the fat without having to worry about overly restrictive diets or calorie counting, writes F45 nutritionist Kim Bowman.
Working from home poses many problems for the persistent snacker. With the kitchen in close quarters, the promise of quick eats – free from the prying eyes of co-workers – can be too much to resist.
Within reason, that’s fine, but home working tends to mean less movement throughout the day – your two-second commute from the bedroom to the living room isn’t going to do much for your dwindling step count – and less movement means less calorie burn.
Add snacking to the mix and you get a perfect storm for weight gain. The solution? To live life in the fast lane.
What Is Intermittent Fasting?
Intermittent fasting (IF) is an eating pattern that cycles between periods of fasting and eating. It doesn’t require macronutrient restriction (protein, carbs, fats) but instead focuses on meal timing.
While ‘yo-yo dieting’ can be unsustainable and may only lead to short-term weight-loss results, the goal with IF is to develop lifestyle changes. The mind is connected to your eating habits and developing an eating routine that incorporates meal timing automatically creates an internal sense of awareness about your food choices.
Planning meals throughout the day makes you more conscious of the types and portions that you select. By practising cycling through periods of fasting and eating while consuming wholesome, substantial meals with quality ingredients, you will start to lessen cravings for foods high in sodium or refined sugar.
In fact, studies have found that IF has numerous health benefits, not only for maintaining a healthy weight, but also for improving blood sugar levels, cholesterol profile, and reducing inflammation within the body.
Fasting has also been shown to increase levels of the human growth hormone, promote lean muscle development, and improve body composition and metabolism.
What’s more, IF protocols have shown promise for those with pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes, as indicated by reductions in waist circumference and improvements in insulin sensitivity.
How Does Intermittent Fasting Work?
Complex carbohydrates, particularly refined grains, are broken down into sugar which your cells use for energy. Insulin, a hormone made in the pancreas, brings sugar into fat cells and keeps it there.
While fasting, the body adjusts hormones to make fat more accessible. Specifically, there is a reduction in insulin to facilitate fat burning and utilise stored fat for energy.
On the other hand, during the eating window, insulin levels are high as the body is digesting and absorbing food – this lasts three to five hours.
The key difference between a ‘fed’ and fasted state is that sugar can only enter your cells with insulin. Therefore, a period of fasting has shown to allow insulin levels to drop low enough so that you enter a period of fat burning (so as long as you achieve an overall energy deficit).
While there are a range of beneficial physiological processes that occur when IF is done correctly, the success of weight loss stems from the energy deficit that is created.
There are a number of different IF protocols, but the 16:8 or 14:10 methods are the most common: cycling through an eight to ten-hour eating window – 8am to 4pm, or 10am to 8pm, for example – followed by 14 to 16 hours of fasting.
What Are The Benefits Of Intermittent Fasting?
- Weight loss
- Improvements in blood sugar
- Improvements in high blood pressure
- Improvements in cholesterol
- Whole-body detoxification
- Reduction in oxidative stress and inflammation
That said, it’s important to note that while there is recent research highlighting the short-term benefits of IF for weight loss and overall health, the long-term effects are unclear.
More evidence is needed on the long-term benefits before it can be prescribed for clinical use. Therefore, the best health strategy is to develop a healthy eating routine that works for your lifestyle while also incorporating regular exercise.
It’s also important to note that you should always speak with a healthcare professional before engaging in a long-term diet change. And if you have a history of eating disorders or take certain medication, IF isn’t recommended.
Make IF Work For You
- Plan your grocery shop for the entire week.
- Optimise food quality by fueling with predominantly wholefoods (fruits, vegetables, beans, lean proteins, and healthy fats) while avoiding sugars and refined grains.
- Prepare your own comfort food. Having healthy snacks or sweets will minimise cravings for sugar and processed foods.
- Avoid snacking late at night, while incorporating snacks rich in quality protein and dietary fibre between meals to help manage appetite.
- Avoid sugary drinks and diet sodas.
- Stick to lots of water, black coffee, or an americano within the fasting window.
- Hydration is key during the fasting window to maximise whole-body detoxification.
Example 14:10 IF Day
10:00am Fast Breaker: Banana Protein Smoothie
12:00pm Meal 1: Breakfast Burrito
1:30pm Snack: Chocolate Date Protein Balls
3:30pm Meal 2: Pesto Chicken and Salad Wrap
6:30pm Meal 3: Avocado and Sweet Potato Salmon