Most gym-goers, especially men, prioritise training their ‘mirror muscles’ – chest, shoulders, quads – and neglect the less glamorous areas.

But these less-heralded muscles deserve your equal time and attention. Not only do they protect against injury, but they balance your physique and ultimately benefit all areas of your conditioning.

Here Anytime Fitness’ Marvin Burton outlines five areas you can ill afford to ignore…

1. Rotator cuff (shoulder stabiliser muscles)

An injury to a rotator cuff is far from ideal. As well as negatively impacting your training, your arm movements will be heavily restricted – swinging your arms when running or holding a bar on your back to squat will both be out the question.

Your rotator cuffs are a collection of muscles inside your shoulder joint that can be over-stretched in various movements, such as bicep curls or if you overtrain your chest. They’re small muscles, but unbelievably important.

Exercises such as scapula retractions on a chest-supported back row, internal and external band work, Trap 3 raises, lying Y raises and face pulls should all be regular fixtures in your routine.

Add Upper-Body Size With This Shoulder Circuit | Men's Fitness UKAdd Upper-Body Size With This Shoulder Circuit | Men's Fitness UK

How to do Y raises:

  • Lie face down on a 30-degree incline bench with your arms hanging down and thumbs up.
  • Begin the movement by squeezing your shoulders back and down.
  • Holding that position, lift your arms all the way up until they form a ‘Y’ position.
  • Hold for 4-8 secs, then slowly return to the start.
  • Relax, then go again.

2. Calf muscles

Some people may argue that your calf muscles are being conditioned during leg exercises or running, but a large majority still suffer with knee pain, achilles strains, shin splints and have poor ankle mobility.

Calf-specific exercises like calf raises can alleviate these issues, and protect against injury, if you’re taking part in any impact-related exercise: running, HIIT training, football and so on.

RELATED: Fix muscle imbalances with these corrective exercises

3. Glutes and hamstrings

A lot of people fall into the trap of not fully activating their glutes when squatting. Partial squats are often caused by having poor ankles, knees and hip mechanics.

It might not be what you want to hear, but for a general gym enthusiast who sits for long periods during the day at work, loaded squatting may not be a good exercise for you.

I would prefer to activate the glutes during warm-up activities such as hip bridges, heal-elevated squats, hip mobility stretches, foot-elevated split squats and hip thrusts.

Try to add a good hamstring warm-up and conditioning exercise to your workout. Ideal choices would be single-leg exercises and Romanian deadlifts, lying hamstring machine curls and, once you’ve built the strength up, Nordic hamstring curls.

If you have access to a glute-ham raise machine, you’re in luck, as this is a great piece of equipment for your glutes and hamstrings.

5 Areas You Need To Stop Neglecting In The Gym | Men's Fitness UK

Tight hip flexors are a byproduct of modern life. Stretch yours regularly to continue to be able to lift effectively | Photography: Getty Images

4. Hip flexors

To expand on the above, I recommend working on hip flexor movements. Tight hip flexors can be related to being in a seated position for long periods of time. That’s not going to help if you’re wanting to perform leg-raising ab exercises, incorporate sprints into your training, or just like lifting heavy.

Stretch your hip flexors and quads regularly if you suffer from tightness or lower back pain. Usually the pain resonates in tight hamstrings, due to the muscle being lengthened as your pelvis is being pulled forwards – but working on your hip flexors will definitely help.

Kneeling stretches are also great, and you can perform these as a variation in a dynamic warm-up before you train.

5. Thoracic spine mobility

Your thoracic is the largest moving part of your spine. Mobility loss in this area can occur through repetitive work-related tasks, but also from gaining large quantities of muscle and working only on push and pull movements.

By adding increased rotational movements and warming up with spinal twists and dynamic movements, you’ll aid your overall mobility and prevent against a weak walking posture.

Your posture, sleep and appearance will all be greatly enhanced if you aren’t stiff in your spine.

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